Developments after a disaster Kamal Hoshi Kapadia

ISBN: 9781109101096

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NOOKstudy eTextbook

429 pages


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Developments after a disaster  by  Kamal Hoshi Kapadia

Developments after a disaster by Kamal Hoshi Kapadia
| NOOKstudy eTextbook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 429 pages | ISBN: 9781109101096 | 5.49 Mb

This thesis analyzes the aid response in Sri Lanka to the tsunami disaster of December 2004. While this was the best funded aid effort in the history of disasters, it did not succeed in achieving its goal of building back better. I analyze theMoreThis thesis analyzes the aid response in Sri Lanka to the tsunami disaster of December 2004. While this was the best funded aid effort in the history of disasters, it did not succeed in achieving its goal of building back better.

I analyze the reasons for this through a critical ethnography of the relations of power between the Sri Lankan state, political parties, aid agencies, NGOs, and coastal people.-I locate the tsunami aid response in Sri Lanka in the literature on disasters and development. The reconstruction effort took a managerial approach, where concerns of politics and power were ignored. A local critique of the aid effort, launched by some NGOs, took an impact view, seeing aid as a facilitator of rapacious capitalist development. However, neither view captures the complexity of the reconstruction process.

I analyze livelihood recovery efforts and demonstrate that while aid agencies and the critics see the village to be entrepreneurial, most of the poor are casual laborers, trapped in relations of patronage and debt with wealthier people.

These relations are structured by the wider political economy. Through an ethnographic study of participation in the context of a housing project, I show how even the most participatory social movement in Sri Lanka faces challenges structured by its relations with the state and with donors- these relations transcend village and national boundaries. I also demonstrate how aid agencies inadvertently helped to restart the civil conflict in Sri Lanka by misunderstanding key dimensions of the relationship between ethnic nationalism and economic development.-I conclude that there are concrete stakes attached to how we understand the relationship between disasters and development and the managerial and impact views have serious shortcomings.

Actors involved in disaster recovery need to be aware of these different understandings, and pay attention to the process by which they arrive at these theories. Through ethnography I conclude that theory must be built up from a deep engagement with the places one is trying to rebuild and develop.

This would enable us to move past abstract models, and be more effective in disaster recovery and development endeavors.



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