The Irish Declaration of Independence: During the Easter Rising of 1916 Thomas J. Clarke

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The Irish Declaration of Independence: During the Easter Rising of 1916  by  Thomas J. Clarke

The Irish Declaration of Independence: During the Easter Rising of 1916 by Thomas J. Clarke
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“The Irish Declaration of Independence” is the text of a proclamation put out by Irish rebels during the Easter Rising of 1916. This was a revolt of Irish republicans, socialists, and others, against British rule. The uprising failed to attract massMore“The Irish Declaration of Independence” is the text of a proclamation put out by Irish rebels during the Easter Rising of 1916.

This was a revolt of Irish republicans, socialists, and others, against British rule. The uprising failed to attract mass popular support and was put down in 6 days by British police and soldiers.All of the 7 men who signed the declaration of independence were rounded up and executed, along with most of the other rebel leaders. One rebel commander who was spared was Eamon de Valera, whose life was saved by the fact he had been born in the United States.

De Valera went on to become a prominent statesman in post-independence Ireland.The English conquest of Ireland began in the Middle Ages. Wales was also conquered by the English in medieval times, and the Scottish and English kingdoms were united when Scotland’s king James became king of England. But, while the Welsh and Scots enjoyed more or less equal treatment in Great Britain, the Catholic majority of Ireland were treated more like a conquered subject people.There was sporadic armed resistance to British rule in Ireland over the centuries- a fact that was pointed out in the declaration of the 1916 rebels.

There were several uprisings against English rule through the 16th, 17th, 18th , and 19th centuries. The Great Potato Famine of the 1840s may have been worsened by the fact that some British leaders and Irish landowners were not eager to send food aid to the rebellious Irish peasants.The famine had 2 important effects. First it increased popular hostility to British rule, and, secondly, it led to large-scale emigration and the establishment of big Irish communities in place like the USA.

The overseas Irish populations would be active supporters of the cause of Irish independence. In the 1860s, for example the pro-independence Fenians recruited Civil War veterans in the USA and then launched attacks in Britain. In the USA, Fenian supporters launched cross-border raids on British targets in Canada.The 1916 Rising, which began on Easter Monday, 24 April, seems to have been planned to take advantage of the fact that British army was heavily involved in World War I at the time.

The revolt seems to have been badly planned and wasn’t supported by many people in Dublin, where it was centered.The rebels were quickly defeated by the British army. But the heavy-handed suppression of the uprising, and the executions and arrests that followed, turned more people against British rule.After the uprising, the surviving members of pro-independence Irish groups joined with the pro-independence Irish Republican party, Sinn Fein. That party won a landslide in the post-war elections of 1918, defeating the pro-British Home Rule party. But the Unionists won most of the seats in the northern Ulster province of Ireland.This led to a partition of Ireland, with most of the southern portions of the country, which had voted for Sinn Fein, becoming part of the independent Irish Free State (and later the Republic of Ireland).The province of Ulster was divided, with its southern and western counties going to the Irish Free State, while the other, Unionist-dominated, counties, remained under British rule.



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